Migration and Immigration Law in Hungary
Migration and Immigration Law are very complex legal areas. The reason is because migration and immigration as social phenomena are complex too in themselves.
The personal scope of migration law covers a wide range of individuals from investors, skilled workers, permanent employees, employees of multinational companies to asylum seekers, illegal migrants or those who wish to unify their families.
Immigration law regulates the long process starting from the visa application throughout residence permit and settlement permit to naturalization (i.e.: the legal process by which a citizen of one country becomes a citizen of another.)
National and International sources of Hungarian Migration Law
Hungarian Migration Law is defined primarily by the Hungarian government’s policies regarding migration. At the same time, it is crucial that the Hungarian government as well as the Office of Immigration and Nationality (responsible for the administrative duties related to asylum, citizenship and aliens policing issues) must apply the relevant EU law, international treaties and international minimum standards set forth in these when making legal decisions in the field of Migration Law.
Migration law is therefore a constant changing legal area. Migration Law reflects on one hand to push factors of migration on behalf of immigrants and on the other hand on pull factors of migration on behalf of the Hungarian society and Hungarian Economy.
A legal attorney working in the area of Immigration law not only should have a thorough understanding of Immigration Law in its narrow sense but also must have experience with many related areas such as Labour Law, Real Estate Law, Corporate Law or Social Security Law.